Recycling behaviour in higher education institutions: a systematic literature review

  • Rezarta Sallaku
  • Rossella Baratta
  • Angelo Bonfanti
  • Vania Vigolo
Keywords: sustainability; students; university policy; environmental awareness and concern; attitude towards recycling; social norms

Abstract

Purpose of the paper: This paper aims to provide a systematic literature review on recycling behaviours in higher education institutions to gather and synthesise the extant knowledge on this topic into a comprehensive framework, in line with the premise that colleges and universities have the moral responsibility to educate people for a better and more sustainable future. More specifically, this study provides a basic understanding of the research topic and identifies the factors affecting recycling intentions/behaviours in higher education institutions.

Methodology: A systematic literature review of existing research is conducted. A total of 64 journal articles published between 1995 and 2019 are analysed in five steps: obtaining a basic understanding, coding, categorisation, comparison and further analysis.

Findings: This study identifies environmental concern, attitudes towards recycling, social norms, university environmental policy and availability of recycling facilities at higher education institutions as the factors affecting recycling intentions/behaviours in higher education institutions.

Theoretical and practical implications: Scholars could use this paper as a reference to systematise knowledge on recycling behaviour in the higher education context and further advance knowledge on this topic by identifying specific research areas that could be theoretically and empirically investigated. University managers could use the findings of this study as a basis for designing behavioural intervention programs in their institutions.

Originality of the paper: Previous research focuses on recycling in the home or workplace environments. No systematic literature review on recycling behaviours in the higher education setting has previously been undertaken, despite the key role universities play in increasing awareness of environmental issues.

References

ABUBAKAR I., AL-SHIHRI F., AHMED S. (2016), “Students’ Assessment of Campus Sustainability at the University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia”, Sustainability, vol. 8, n. 1, pp. 59.

AJZEN I. (1991), “The theory of planned behaviour”, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Process, vol. 50, n. 2, pp. 179-211.

AJZEN I., FISHBEIN M. (1980), Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

AKSAN Z., ÇELIKLER D. (2017), “The development of a recycling awareness scale for prospective science teachers”, Educational Studies, vol. 43, n. 5, pp. 567-583.

ALTAN H. (2010), “Energy efficiency interventions in UK higher education institutions”, Energy Policy, vol. 38, n. 12, pp. 7722-7731.

ALVES D.S., FARINA M.C. (2018), “Disposal and reuse of the information technology waste: a case study in a Brazilian university”, European Business Review, vol. 30, n. 6, pp. 720-734.

AMUTENYA N., SHACKLETON C.M., WHITTINGTON-JONES K. (2009), “Paper recycling patterns and potential interventions in the education sector: A case study of paper streams at Rhodes University, South Africa”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 53, n. 5, pp. 237-242.

ANTONIOS J. (2011), “Understanding the effects of customer education on customer loyalty”, Business Leadership Review, vol. 8, n. 1, pp. 1-15.

APINHAPATH C., TANASUGARN C., CHANSATIPORN N., STECKLER A. (2015), “Determinants predicting intention to properly dispose of used batteries”, Kasetsart Journal - Social Sciences, vol. 36, pp. 173-182.

ARLI D. (2017), “Does ethics need religion? Evaluating the importance of religiosity in consumer ethics”, Marketing Intelligence and Planning, vol. 35, n. 2, pp. 205-221.

BALDWIN E., DRIPPS W. (2012), “Spatial characterization and analysis of the campus residential waste stream at a small private liberal arts institution”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 65, pp. 107-115.

BARROS R.M., TIAGO FILHO G.L., MOURA J.S., PIERONI M.F., VIEIRA F.C., LAGE L.R., BASTOS A.S. (2013), “Design and implementation study of a Permanent Selective Collection Program (PSCP) on a University campus in Brazil”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 80, n. November 2013, pp. 97-106.

BASRI N.E.A., ZAWAWI M.A., ZAIN S.M., MOHAMAD W.N.A.W., KASA A. (2016), “Effects of an awareness programme on the perception of engineering students at the universiti kebangsaan Malaysia towards solid waste recycling practices”, Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, vol. 24, n. April 2016, pp. 1-14.

BEARD R.S. (2002), “Measuring greenness: A study of the Southwest Texas state university recycling program”, Geographical Bulletin - Gamma Theta Upsilon, vol. 44, n. 2, pp. 78-91.

BECKER C.M., AYSCUE E., BROCKETT S.J., SCAROLA G., KELLE T. (2014), “Initiating sustainable behavior: Feel good for doing good”, Electronic Green Journal, vol. 1, n. 37, pp. 1-12.

BINDER K., GLASSER H., FUQUA R.W. (2017), “A Behavioral Approach to the Development of a Campus-Wide Recycling System”, Sustainability (United States), vol. 10 n. 1, pp. 39-44.

BITANGA M.J.S. (2017), “Impact assessment of the PC recycling project in Region 2”, Advanced Science Letters, vol. 23, n. 2, pp. 873-876.

BOOTH A., PAPAIOANNOU D., SUTTON A. (2012), Systematic approaches to a successful literature review, SAGE Publications, London.

BRENNAN L., BINNEY W., HALL J., HALL M. (2015), “Whose Job Is That? Saving the Biosphere Starts at Work”, Journal of Nonprofit and Public Sector Marketing, vol. 27, n. 3, pp. 307-330.

BROWNE B.A., KALDENBERG D.O. (1997), “Conceptualizing self-monitoring: Links to materialism and product involvement”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 14, n. 1, pp. 31-44.

BRUNETTI F., BONFANTI A. (2015), “Effects of customer education in terms of customer perceived value: the role of customer evaluation skills”, Sinergie Italian Journal of Management, vol. 33, n. 97, pp. 219-238.

CALVIN W., RONNIE C., GEOFFREY QIPING S. (2012), “Recycling attitude and behaviour in university campus: a case study in Hong Kong”, Facilities, vol. 30, n. 1, pp. 630-646.

CAMPBELL-ARVAI V. (2015), “Food-related environmental beliefs and behaviours among university undergraduates: A mixed-methods study”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 16, n. 3, pp. 279-295.

CHEUNG T.Y., FOK L., CHEANG C.C., YEUNG C.H., SO W.M.W., CHOW C.F. (2018), “University halls plastics recycling: a blended intervention study”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 19, n. 6, pp. 1038-1052.

CHOI Y., OH M., KANG J., LUTZENHISER L. (2017), “Plans and Living Practices for the Green Campus of Portland State University”, Sustainability, vol. 9, n. 2, pp. 252.

CHU P.Y., CHIU J.F. (2003), “Factors influencing household waste recycling behavior: test of an integrated model 1”, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, vol. 33, n. 3, pp. 604-626.

COLE E.J., FIESELMAN L. (2013), “A community-based social marketing campaign at Pacific University Oregon: Recycling, paper reduction, and environmentally preferable purchasing”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 14, n. 2, pp. 176-195.

CORTESE A.D. (1992), “Education for an environmentally sustainable future”, Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 26, n. 6, pp. 1108-1114.

DAVIES J., FOXALL G.R., PALLISTER J. (2002), “Beyond the intention-behaviour mythology: an integrated model of recycling”, Marketing Theory, vol. 2, n. 1, pp. 29-113.

DAVIS G., O’CALLAGHAN F., KNOX K. (2009), “Sustainable attitudes and behaviours amongst a sample of non-academic staff: A case study from an Information Services Department, Griffith University, Brisbane”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 10, n. 2, pp. 136-151.

DE VEGA C.A., OJEDA-BENÍTEZ S., RAMÍREZ-BARRETO M.E. (2003), “Mexican educational institutions and waste management programmes: a University case study”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 39, n. 3, pp. 283-296.

DENYER D., TRANFIELD D. (2009), “Producing a systematic review”, The Sage handbook of organizational research methods, pp. 671-689, SAGE Publications, London.

DETERDING S., SICART M., NACKE L., O’HARA K., DIXON D. (2011), “Gamification. using game-design elements in non-gaming contexts”, in CHI’11 extended abstracts on human factors in computing systems, pp. 2425-2428.

EBRAHIMI K., NORTH L.A. (2017), “Effective strategies for enhancing waste management at university campuses”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 18, n. 7, pp. 1123-1141.

FAGNANI E., GUIMARÃES J.R. (2017), “Waste management plan for higher education institutions in developing countries: The Continuous Improvement Cycle model”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 147, pp. 108-118.

FELIX R., ALMAGUER J. (2019), “Nourish what you own: psychological ownership, materialism and pro-environmental behavioral intentions”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 36, n. 1, pp. 82-91.

FERRONATO N., D’AVINO C., RAGAZZI M., TORRETTA V., DE FEO G. (2017), “Social Surveys about Solid Waste Management within Higher Education Institutes: A Comparison”, Sustainability, vol. 9, n. 3, pp. 391.

FISHBEIN M., AJZEN I. (1975), Beliefs, Attitude, Intention and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.

FLAGG J.A., BATES D.C. (2016), “Recycling as a result of “cultural greening”?”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 17, n. 4, pp. 489-505.

FRITZ J.N., DUPUIS D.L., WU W.-L., NEAL A.E., RETTIG L.A., LASTRAPES R.E. (2017), “Evaluating increased effort for item disposal to improve recycling at a university: effects of bin location on recycling”, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, vol. 50, n. 4, pp. 825-829.

GALLO M., MAROTTA V., MAGRASSI F., TARAMASSO A.C., DEL BORGHI A. (2017), “University campus waste prevention and reduction: A circular-economy approach”, Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment, vol. 1, pp. 235-252.

GENG Y., LIU K., XUE B., FUJITA T. (2013), “Creating a “green university” in China: a case of Shenyang University”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 61, pp. 13-19.

GONUL KOCHAN C., POURREZA S., TRAN H., PRYBUTOK V.R. (2016), “Determinants and logistics of e-waste recycling”, The International Journal of Logistics Management, vol. 27, n. 1, pp. 52-70.

HA H.Y., JANDA S. (2012), “Predicting consumer intentions to purchase energy-efficient products”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 29, n. 7, pp. 461-469.

HAN H., HYUN S.S. (2018), “College youth travelers’ eco-purchase behavior and recycling activity while traveling: an examination of gender difference”, Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, vol. 35, n. 6, pp. 740-754.

HARRIS B.K., PROBERT E.J. (2009), “Waste minimisation at a Welsh university: A viability study using choice modelling”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 53, n. 5, pp. 269-275.

INOUE Y., ALFARO‐BARRANTES P. (2015), “Pro‐environmental Behavior in the Workplace: A Review of Empirical Studies and Directions for Future Research”, Business and Society Review, vol. 120, n. 1, pp. 137-160.

IZAGIRRE-OLAIZOLA J., FERNÁNDEZ-SAINZ A., VICENTE-MOLINA M.A. (2015), “Internal determinants of recycling behaviour by university students: A cross-country comparative analysis”, International Journal of Consumer Studies, vol. 39, n. 1, pp. 25-34.

JACSÓ P. (2011), “The h‐index, h‐core citation rate and the bibliometric profile of the Scopus database”, Online Information Review, vol. 35, n. 3, pp. 492-501.

JIMÉNEZ-PARRA B., RUBIO S., VICENTE-MOLINA M.A. (2014), “Key drivers in the behavior of potential consumers of remanufactured products: a study on laptops in Spain”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 85, n. 15 December 2014, pp. 488-496.

JOUNG H.M. (2013), “Materialism and clothing post-purchase behaviors”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 30, n. 6, pp. 530-537.

JOUNG H.M., PARK-POAPS H. (2013), “Factors motivating and influencing clothing disposal behaviours”, International Journal of Consumer Studies, vol. 37, n. 1, pp. 105-111.

KAPLOWITZ M.D., YEBOAH F.K., THORP L., WILSON A.M. (2009), “Garnering input for recycling communication strategies at a Big Ten University”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 53, n. 11, pp. 612-623.

KAZHAMIAKIN R., MARCONI A., PERILLO M., PISTORE M., VALETTO G., PIRAS L., PERRI N. (2015), “Using gamification to incentivize sustainable urban mobility”, in 2015 IEEE First International Smart Cities Conference (ISC2), pp. 1-6.

KELLY T.C., MASON I.G., LEISS M.W. (2006), “University community responses to on-campus resources recycling”, Resources Conservation and Recycling, vol. 47, n. 1, pp. 42-55.

KURLAND N.B. (2011), “Evolution of a campus sustainability network: a case study in organizational change”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 12, n. 4, pp. 395-429.

LEE C., GREEN R.T. (1991), “Cross-cultural examination of the Fishbein behavioral intentions model”, Journal of International Business Studies, vol. 22, n. 2, pp. 289-305.

LEODIR LÖBLER M., GOMES DA SILVA B., POZZOBON D.M., MAFFINI GOMES C. (2012), “Strategic orientation towards sustainable innovation: A case study in a Brazilian University”, Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, vol. 7, n. 2, pp. 196-206.

LIGHTFOOT H., BAINES T., SMART P. (2013), “The servitization of manufacturing”, International Journal of Operations and Product Management, vol. 33, n. 11/12, pp. 1408-1434.

MADDEN T.J., ELLEN P.S., AJZEN I. (1992), “A comparison of the theory of planned behavior and the theory of reasoned action”, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 18, n. 1, pp. 3-9.

MALDONADO L. (2006), “The economics of urban solid waste reduction in educational institutions in Mexico: A 3-year experience”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 48, n. 1, pp. 41-55.

MARCELL K., AGYEMAN J., RAPPAPORT A. (2004), “Cooling the campus: Experiences from a pilot study to reduce electricity use at Tufts University, USA, using social marketing methods”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 5, n. 2, pp. 169-189.

MARQUARDT K.D., RANKIN M.L., SIMPKINS W.W. (2013), “Town meets gown: creating a collaborative process for expanding a university’s recycling program while supporting a city’s waste diversion efforts”, Sustainability: The Journal of Record, vol. 6, n. 2, pp. 104-114.

MASON I.G., OBERENDER A., BROOKING A.K. (2004), “Source separation and potential re-use of resource residuals at a university campus”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 40, n. 2, pp. 155-172.

MCCOY K., OLIVER J.J., BORDEN D.S., COHN, S.I. (2018), “Nudging waste diversion at Western State Colorado University: application of behavioral insights”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 19, n. 3, pp. 608-621.

MERLI R., PREZIOSI M., ACAMPORA A. (2018), “How do scholars approach the circular economy? A systematic literature review”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 178, n. 20 March 2018, pp. 703-722.

MEYER A. (2016), “Heterogeneity in the preferences and pro-environmental behavior of college students: the effects of years on campus, demographics, and external factors”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 112, n. Part 4, pp. 3451-3463.

MOZO-REYES E., JAMBECK J.R., REEVES P., JOHNSEN K. (2016), “Will they recycle? Design and implementation of eco-feedback technology to promote on-the-go recycling in a university environment”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 114, n. November 2016, pp. 72-79.

MTUTU P., THONDHLANA G. (2016), “Encouraging pro-environmental behaviour: Energy use and recycling at Rhodes University, South Africa”, Habitat International, vol. 53, n. April 2016, pp. 142-150.

NEGRUŞA A., TOADER V., SOFICĂ A., TUTUNEA M., RUS R. (2015), “Exploring gamification techniques and applications for sustainable tourism”, Sustainability, vol. 7, n. 8, pp. 11160-11189.

NETEMEYER R.G., BEARDEN W.O. (1992), “A comparative analysis of two models of behavioral intention”, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, vol. 20, n. 1, pp. 49-59.

O’CONNOR R.T., LERMAN D.C., FRITZ J.N., HODDE H.B. (2010), “Effects of number and location of bins on plastic recycling at a university”, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, vol. 43, n. 4, pp. 711-715.

OGUZ D., ÇAKCI I., KAVAS S. (2010), “Environmental awareness of university students in Ankara, Turkey”, African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 5, n. 19, pp. 2629-2636.

OLSON L., ARVAI J., THORP L. (2011), “Mental models research to inform community outreach for a campus recycling program”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 12, n. 4, pp. 322-337.

OMRAN A., BAH M., BAHARUDDIN A.H. (2017), “Investigating the level of environmental awareness and practices on recycling of solid wastes at university’s campus in Malaysia”, Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, vol. 8, n. 3, pp. 554-566.

OWENS K.A., HALFACRE-HITCHCOCK A. (2006), “As green as we think? The case of the College of Charleston green building initiative”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 7, n. 2, pp. 114-128.

PIKE L., SHANNON T., LAWRIMORE K., MCGEE A., TAYLOR M., LAMOREAUX G. (2003), “Science education and sustainability initiatives: A campus recycling case study shows the importance of opportunity”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 4, n. 3, pp. 218-229.

POSEY M.J., WEBSTER A.H. (2013), “Environmental sustainability practices in publicly supported two-year colleges in the Southern United States”, Community College Journal of Research and Practice, vol. 37, n. 10, pp. 800-803.

ROBERTSON S., WALKINGTON H. (2009), “Recycling and waste minimisation behaviours of the transient student population in Oxford: results of an on-line survey”, Local Environment, vol. 14, n. 4, pp. 285-296.

SALDANA J. (2009), The coding manual for qualitative researchers, SAGE, Los Angeles.

SANGANYADO E., NKOMO S. (2018), “Incorporating Sustainability into Engineering and Chemical Education Using E-Learning”, Education Sciences, vol. 8, n. 2, pp. 39.

SEABORN K., FELS D.I. (2015), “Gamification in theory and action: A survey”, International Journal of human-computer studies, vol. 74, pp. 14-31.

SHIM S. (1995), “Environmentalism and consumers’ clothing disposal patterns: an exploratory study”, Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, vol. 13, n. 1, pp. 38-48.

SIANO A., CONTE F., PICIOCCHI P., VOLLERO A., AMABILE S. (2017), “Valutare e migliorare la comunicazione digitale per la sostenibilità: un modello operativo per i siti web”, Sinergie Italian Journal of Management, vol. 35, n. 103, pp. 81-103.

SIDIQUE S.F., LUPI F., JOSHI S.V. (2010), “The effects of behavior and attitudes on drop-off recycling activities”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 54, n. 3, pp. 163-170.

SMYTH D.P., FREDEEN A.L., BOOTH A.L. (2010), “Reducing solid waste in higher education: the first step towards ‘greening’ a university campus”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 54, n. 11, pp. 1007-1016.

SPARKS P., SHEPHERD R. (1992), “Self-identity and the theory of planned behavior: Assesing the role of identification with” green consumerism”, Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 55, n. 4, pp. 388-399.

STEMLER S. (2001), “An overview of content analysis”, Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, vol. 7, n. 17, pp. 1-5.

SUPAKATA N. (2018), “Bin monsters for promoting waste separation behavior”, Applied Environmental Education and Communication, vol. 17, n. 4, pp. 310-322.

TAHARA D.C., BURATHOKI B., GILL J., JOSEPH A. (2015), “On the road to a green New York medical college”, International Journal of Sustainability Education, vol. 11, n. 4, pp. 21-36.

TONGLET M., PHILLIPS P.S., READ A.D. (2004), “Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour to investigate the determinants of recycling behaviour: a case study from Brixworth, UK”, Resources, conservation and recycling, vol. 41, n. 3, pp. 191-214.

VAROTTO, A., SPAGNOLLI, A. (2017), “Psychological strategies to promote household recycling. A systematic review with meta-analysis of validated field interventions”, Journal of Environmental Psychology, vol. 51, n. August 2017, pp. 168-188.

VIASSONE M., KITCHEN P. BEN YOUSSEF K. (2018), “Exploring the relationship between customer education and customer satisfaction”, Sinergie Italian Journal of Management, vol. 36, n. 105, pp. 43-60.

VIRTANEN Y., NILSSON S. (2013), Environmental impacts of waste paper recycling, Routledge, London.

VITELL S.J., MUNCY J. (2005), “The Muncy-Vitell consumer ethics scale: A modification and application”, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 62, n. 3, pp. 267-275.

WAHID N.A., RAHBAR E., SHYAN T.S. (2011), “Factors influencing the green purchase behavior of Penang environmental volunteers”, International Business Management, vol. 5, n. 1, pp. 38-49.

WAN C., CHEUNG R., SHEN G.Q. (2012), “Recycling attitude and behaviour in university campus: A case study in Hong Kong”, Facilities, vol. 30, n. 13/14, pp. 630-646.

WANG Y.-F. (2016), “Improving Culinary Education by Examining the Green Culinary Behaviors of Hospitality College Students”, Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Education, vol. 28, n. 1, pp. 1-9.

WEAVER S.T., ELLEN P.S., MATHIASSEN L. (2015), “Contextualist Inquiry into Organizational Citizenship: Promoting Recycling Across Heterogeneous Organizational Actors”, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 129, n. 2, pp. 413-428.

YURIEV A., BOIRAL O., FRANCOEUR V., PAILLÉ P. (2018), “Overcoming the barriers to pro-environmental behaviors in the workplace: A systematic review”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 182, n. 1 May 2018, pp. 379-394.

ZAIN S.M., BASRI N.E.A., MAHMOOD N.A., BASRI H., YAACOB M., AHMAD M. (2013), “Innovation in Sustainable Education and Entrepreneurship through the UKM Recycling Center Operations”, International Education Studies, vol. 6, n. 1, pp. 168-176.

ZAIN S.M., BASRI N.E.A., MAHMOOD N.A., BASRI H., ZAKARIA N., ELFITHRI R., SHAHUDIN Z. (2012), “Recycling practice to promote sustainable behavior at University Campus”, Asian Social Science, vol. 8, n. 16, p. 163.

ZAIN S.M., MAHMOOD N.A., BASRI N.E.A., ZAWAWI M.A., MAMAT L.F., SAAD N.F.M. (2016), “Sustainable education model through recycling and ekorelawan volunteering activities”, Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, vol. 24, n. April 2016, pp. 35-48.

ZHANG H., LIU J., WEN Z., CHEN Y.X. (2017), “College students’ municipal solid waste source separation behavior and its influential factors: A case study in Beijing, China”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 164, n. 15 October 2017, pp. 444-454.
Published
2020-03-26